Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the Print button above.

Pak Bara deep sea port project, Thailand


Description:

The Transport Ministry plans to link the new port in Satun province on the Andaman coast with a port in Songkhla province facing the Gulf of Thailand. Under the plan, it will be able to handle large container ships and supertankers from Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South Asia [1]. According to the Nation news in 2015, the Pak Bara Deep-sea Port project has been put on hold several times due to environmental concern and opposition from locals. The first proposal was in 1993 [4]. Local population warn of the multiple and potential negative  impact the project will bring to the Andaman coast.  It  would harm Satun’s Mu Ko Phetra National Park, a source of local food and major tourism income.  So local population are protesting and demanding the cancellation of the Pak Bara Deep Sea Port. As a protest, in October 2013, villagers marched about 220km from Pak Bara community to Songkhla [communities that will be afected by the port construction]. However, the Ministry of Transport ensures that " The port would be a green project which will not cause environment problem but will help promote tourism, transport and rail development" (Jun 2015) [3]. According to Bankong Post, there is one Environmental Impact Assessment approved in 2007, and the environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) is being developed and expected to be finished in 2016 .

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Pak Bara deep sea port project, Thailand
Country:Thailand
State or province:Satun province
Location of conflict:Andaman coast, La Ngu district
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Deforestation
Land acquisition conflicts
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Coastal area

Project Details and Actors

Project details

It will open a logistics route between the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Thailand to the South China Sea. The port will be capable of accommodating large container ships and supertankers from Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.

The project would suck up 13 million cubic metres of sand from the sea bed and require the blasting of 10 mountains to gather enough soil for landfill.

General service terminal with 300 m. long

Navigating Channel in primary stage will be dredged into -14.0 m. from lowest water level with 180 m. wide, and turning basin of 600 m. diameter sized.

Breakwater filled construction of 1,700 m. long.

Level of Investment:163,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Relevant government actors:The Marine Department
Ministry of Transport
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sueb Nakhasathien Foundation
Silent Power (an activist student group at Thammasat University)
The Network of Satun Watch

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Anti-government movement, students
Forms of mobilization:Public campaigns
Street protest/marches

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession

Outcome

Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project is advancing.

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] Protest against Pak Bara deep sea port in Satun
http://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/protest-against-pak-bara-deep-sea-port-in-satun/

[2] Pak Bara Deep Sea Port Project
http://www.attconsult.com/project-port_coastal/project-PakBaraDeepSeaPort.php

[4] Prajin sets deadline for Pak Bara port plan
http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/589933/

[3] Transport Minister assures Pak Bara deep-sea port project is a “green” project
http://englishnews.thaipbs.or.th/transport-minister-assures-pak-bara-deep-sea-port-project-is-a-green-project/

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Conservationists join anti-government movement
http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/395786/

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

T.V news: Villagers to march against Pak Bara deep sea port construction
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T12kCX_iWm4

Other documents

Source: http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/395786/ A graphic rendition of Pak Bara Deep Sea Port which is to be built in Langu district of Satun province.
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/02_PakBariPort_Thailand.jpg

Source: Paritta Wangkiat Demonstrators raise flags while traveling on roads in Satun to voice opposition to the Pak Bara deep sea port project. Oct 2015
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/02_PakBariPorto_Protest.jpg

Meta information

Contributor:Carros de Combate and SM (ICTA-UAB)
Last update18/12/2016

Images

 

Source: http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/395786/

A graphic rendition of Pak Bara Deep Sea Port which is to be built in Langu district of Satun province.

Source: Paritta Wangkiat

Demonstrators raise flags while traveling on roads in Satun to voice opposition to the Pak Bara deep sea port project. Oct 2015