A US-based agricultural company Herakles Farms, through its subsidiary SG Sustainable Oils Cameroon Ltd (SGSOC), is developing a 73 000 hectare palm oil plantation under a 99-year land lease, despite clear community opposition, 2 court injunctions and an absence of government authorization. Local communities and environmental organizations have warned that the project will cause massive deforestation in a biodiversity hotspot and loss of livelihoods of indigenous communities.
Communities in Fabe, Massaka-Bima, Mbile, and Mundemba sent complaint letters and petitions against the project to the government, the latter which authorized the company to use a private security force to evict people from the project area.
In April 2012, eleven of the worlds top scientists issued an open letter urging the Cameroonian government to stop the project. In June 2012, villagers from Fabe and Toko organized a protest against the project and in response faced intimidation and arrest by police.
(On November 14, 2012 Nasako Besingi the director of the local NGO Struggle to Economize Future Environment (SEFE), an organization campaigning peacefully against the Herakles Farms project, was arrested with three colleagues and detained without charge.)