In 2001 Minera Majaz S. A., a subsidiary of the English company Monterrico Metals, obtained eight concessions in the North of Peru, including the 6,472 hectares Rio Blanco mine for the exploitation of copper and molybdenum.
Thousands of farmers, local community representatives, Mayors, provincial administrators together with social and environmental organisations opposed the project, demanding the cancellation of environmental certification granted to Minera Majaz S. A. for exploratory operations.
The Monterrico company was involved in violence and torture against local peasants, a court case took place in London. The final settlement of the legal case by July 2011 didn’t recognize Monterrico liability but it had to repay compensations to the 33 Peruvian farmers who pursued the charges.
Rio Blanco Copper S.A., which now owns the mine, has shown its interest to start the exploitation of the mine, situation which raised again the inhabitants’ concerns.
Women from both Peru and Ecuador denounce together mining activities of Rio Blanco Copper S.A. on their lands, threatening their lands’ fertility and traditional livelihood. During a gathering in November 2014 they highlighted the fact that although the company didn’t start the exploitation of the mine in Rio Blanco, the prior preparation are already affecting their communities.