The contentious plantation, by Sud-Cameroun Hévéa S.A (hereafter Sudcam) involves the conversion of about 45.000 hectares of natural forest into rubber plantation. The concession is just a few hundred meters away from the western border of the World Heritage Conservation site of the Dja Reserve. Created in 1950, the faunal reserve was declared World Heritage by the UNESCO in 1987due to its exceptionally rich biodiversity. The project could affect endangered species such as chimpanzees, forest elephants, western lowland gorillas, and a nearly extinct leopard species. According to a 2018 article by Global Forest Watch, this is one of the forest regions at risk right now . Only from November 2017 to March 2018, they have found that 1.000 new hectares of tree cover were affected. According to Greenpeace, the Sudcam plantation is “the most devastating new clearing of forest for industrial agriculture in the Congo Basin” . Besides, there is a conflict with the population about the property of the land, as many people don’t have formal titles of property and rely on the customary access rules for their subsistence farming. In this area live about 9.500 people, most of them belonging to the Bulu tribe, (Bantu group), but there are also people belonging to the indigenous Baka Tribe. The latter are traditionally hunters in the forests, so they are particularly impacted by the change of land use. On the other hand, residents have claimed that subsistence farmland has been taken away from them without any (or very little) compensation. According to a Greenpeace Africa forest expert, Sylvie Djacbou, talking to Mongabay, the Baka are also suffering the destruction of graves and sacred sites which were very important for them. The organization Rainforest led a community mapping action in the area, which “has shown widespread dispossession of community lands and resources, including those of indigenous Baka people”, a specially protected community . Besides, communities claim that “there has been wholly inadequate compensation, provisions to protect their livelihood, and no benefits from the plantations”. The legitimacy of this plantation is very doubtable, since there is no transparency on how they got the authorization to exploit that land. In fact, key information about the project, such as all the limits of the concession, the land rent, information about the owner, the actual investment made so far, are not made public. By the end of 2015, the UNESCO failed to inscribe the Dja Reserve on the List of World Heritage in Danger and highlight the threat that Sudcam represents for the ecosystem of the region. Overall, due to widespread corruption, an autocratic political regime, constant involvement of the ex-colonial power and little transparency, it is extremely difficult for people in Cameroon to obtain recognition of their rights.