The contentious Sudcam plantation involves the conversion into rubber plantation of about 45.000 ha of natural forest. The concession is just a few hundred meters away from the western border of the World Heritage Conservation site of the Dja Reserve. This area, declared World Heritage by the UNESCO in 1987, is exceptionally rich in biodiversity. The project could affect endangered species such as chimpanzees, forest elephants, western lowland gorillas, and a nearly extinct leopard species. According to a 2018 article by Global Forest Watch, this is one of the forest regions at risk right now . Only from November 2017 to March 2018, they have found that 1.000 new hectares of tree cover were affected. According to Greenpeace, the Sudcam plantation is “the most devastating new clearing of forest for industrial agriculture in the Congo Basin” . Besides, there is a conflict with the population about the property of the land, as many people don’t have formal titles of property and rely on the customary access rules for their subsistence.
In this area live about 9.500 people, most of them belonging to the Bulu tribe, (Bantu group), but there are are also others belonging to the indigenous Baka Tribe. These latter are traditionally hunters in the forests, so they are particularly impacted by the change of land use. On the other hand, residents have claimed that subsistence farmland has been taken away from them without any (or very little) compensation. In words of the Greenpeace Africa forest expert, Sylvie Djacbou, talking for Mongabay, the Baka are also suffering the destruction of graves and sacred sites which were very important for them”.
The organization Rainforest led a community mapping action  in the area, which “has shown widespread dispossession of community lands and resources, including those of indigenous Baka people”, a specially protected community. Besides, communities claim that “there has been wholly inadequate compensation, provisions to protect their livelihood, and no benefits from the plantations”.