There are about 107 sponge iron plants in Orissa. The sponge iron plants are mostly distributed in 9 districts of state. Out of the total 107 number of sponge iron plants located in Orissa, sundergarh district has maximum number (47) followed by Keonjhar (20), Jharsuguda (13), sambalpur (10), Jajpur (5), Dhenkanal (4), Cuttack (4), Angul (3) and Mayurbhanja (1).
The reason of development of sponge iron plants in cluster is because of the easily availability of raw materials & communication facility in those areas.
According to SPCB, Orissa data regarding the production capacity & number of kiln in the state as on 31.12.2008, it is found at 33140 TPD & 247 respectively. From the data obtained it is found out that kilns having capacity of 100 TPD is highest number in state (150) and the production rate of these kilns is found to be at 15100 TPD followed by 500 16 number, 8000TPD) & 50 (47 number) & 350 TPD kiln (13 number). The TATA sponge iron plant at Beleipada, Keonjhar and Arati steel located at Ghantikhal, Cuttack are the plants having 500 TPD kiln capacity.
|Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:||Bonai Vana Suraksha Samiti Mandal, a people’s front in Sundargarh district, Centre for Science and Enviornment, Delhi (CSE), Vasundhara (Orissa), Ekta Parishad|