The rural area of Porto de Moz hosts 125 communities, with some 20,000 residents. Over the past years, timber exploitation, often illegal, has triggered violent land related conflicts between communities and companies. The Madenorte group is one of the most important timber companies in the Porto de Moz area. According to a Comissao Pastoral da Terra (CPT) study, from 1985 to 2001, many local residents were murdered by actors working for illegal logging industries. Since 2000 communities from Porto de Moz and from the Prainha area ask for the creation of areas protected by law in order to defend their access to the land and protect the natural resources. In 2004, the Verde Para Sempre Reserve was created but this didn't prevent illegal logging from keep ongoing. Greenpeace and rainforest communities are still active trying to defend what remains of the Amazonian forest in those areas, demanding the government to enlarge its fight against the illegal loggers.