Cercs is a small rural town close to Berga, Barcelona, in the pre-Pyrenees with a population of approximately 1,000 people. In the 1960s the population was over 4,000, and the majority used to work on the thermal power plant. Besides coal mining profiteering, textile industry was the second most important in the town. The coal exploitation caused air quality problems due to the geography of the area and to the plant location.
The plant worked from 1971 to 2011 and it all started with the approval of the Francisco Franco regime, who gave the permits to FECSA (Forces Elèctriques de Catalunya - Electrical Forces of Catalunya) to exploit the coal and generate electricity from it. 
Since the very start of the plant activation, environmental problems starting to emerge, and different activist groups (mainly Alternativa Verda) complained about the acid rain that the activity produced: around 30.000 hectares of land were polluted due to the high amount of sulphure dioxide in the coal. Because of this, the representative the company was setenced by "ecological crime" under the Penal Code, it was the first time in Spain that a kind of this criminal court case too place for environmental reasons. 
In 2001, the plant was sold to the italian company ENEL who entered the German E.ON group in 2008, the owner of the plant nowadays. After 40 years working, the plant stopped working the 31st December 2011.
Now, the company wants to invest 130 M € to create a new project called Ecocercs Energy to generate electricity from burning industrial waste. This new project made the municipality react and so the anti incineration platform was created. People from different backgrounds got together to express their rejection against the project. So far, from the 32 municipalities of the area, there are 28 against the project, being the Town Council of Cercs one of the few ones in favor of the project. The district council chairman affirms that the region's policy is not commited to incineration of waste for electricity generation. 
The project is now at a stage in which environmental impact assessment is needed to investigate the viability of the project. In March, 2020, there was a moratorium approved in the Catalan Parliament about waste incineration facilities. This moratorium approved two of the three points regarding the stop of new waste incineration facilities that were projected in different places, such as the one in Cercs and another one in Juneda; and also the projects that were about to start. The moratorium also asks for the dismantling and activity pause of the existing waste incineration facilities. Unfortunately, the point concerning the use of different types of waste as fuel for other industries, such as cement plants, was not included in this new law. (Waste incineration fuelled cement plant in Montcada i Reixac, EJAtlas case for more information).
The objective of this moratorium is to stop the waste incineration practice until a new law regarding waste is approved in Catalonia, following the guidelines of the European Union, which highlights that incineration should be the last step just before dumpsters. To follow the EU ground rule congruently, the law hopefully will be recognized.