Gurgaon is a city located very close to Delhi, the National Capital of India and fall under the National Capital Region (NCR). It did not have proper waste management facilities. A section of the city’s residents (DLF City Gurgaon) were initiated actions after suffering from the uncontrolled dumping of municipal wastes. The DLF City Gurgaon residents demanded better waste management facilities in the city. The residents had been agitating for long and pressed authorities to set up a new facility nearby Bandwari village. With their long demand and no action taken from the Gurgaon Municipal authority, they filed a petition in the Punjab and Haryana High Court in 2008. The honorable high court in its verdict ordered Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon to make better waste management facilities in the city. With the instruction from the Court, Gurgaon Municipal Corporation (GMC) along with Faridabad Municipal Corporation (FMC) decided to set up a joint solid waste treatment plant at Bandhwari village. The proposed site is about 15 km from Gurgaon on Faridabad-Gurgaon road. Haryana state government had promised to build this modern solid waste-treatment plant. The facility will treat waste from both the cities [1,4].
After the decision taken by the respective municipal corporations, people from about 50 nearby villages started their protest. They called a mahapanchayat (large gathering of villagers to discuss some issues) of all villages. The mahapanchayat passed a resolution to oppose the proposed waste treatment plant. Villagers were afraid that the proposed garbage treatment plant would not only contaminate the groundwater, but also pollute the atmosphere. Thousands of people living in the radius of 15 km would get exposed to the foul smell and other possible ailments because of this plan. They decided to file complain to the respective authorities and also to file petition at the court. The villagers had grievances that the government did not ask the panchayat for a discussion before deciding on the dumping site in their land. On a move to protest villagers decided to guard the proposed site and not to allow dump the garbage at the site. .